The Implementation Review Group (IRG) of the United Nations Convention against Corruption started its regular review process of the implementation of the Convention by Hungary in the last third of 2012. The review process involved a country visit in the framework of which IRG experts met the experts of the organisations supplying data for the country report at the Ministry of Public Administration and Justice.

The main objective of the United Nations Convention against Corruption is to facilitate more efficient and successful anti-corruption measures, ease and support international cooperation and promote fair, accountable and adequate handling of public property.

The Convention gives a detailed list of anti-corruption measures. Such anti-corruption measures include the introduction of codes of conduct for public officials, public reporting and the involvement of society.

The review of the Convention’s implementation consists of three main phases. In the first phase reviewed countries complete and return the implementation questionnaire prepared by the UN IRG. This is followed by the phase where representatives of the reviewing and the reviewed countries hold consultations at expert level. The last phase of the process results in the final country report which will be prepared about Hungary by Moldova and Jamaica.

The document-based part of the review process, that is the completion of the questionnaire concerning Chapter 3 and 4 of the Convention (Criminalization and Law Enforcement; International Cooperation) was completed in December 2012. The questionnaire was processed by the two State Secretary Offices of the Ministry of Public Administration and Justice (Office of the Deputy State Secretary for Public Law Legislation; Office of the Deputy State Secretary for EU and International Judicial Cooperation), the Supreme Prosecutor’s Office, the National Judicial Office and the National Police Department.

The country visit took place between 3 and 5 June. In the framework of this visit, experts of the above listed organs met in person with UN IRG representatives and the Moldavian and Jamaican experts responsible for the review process.
 
In the spirit of social partnership, the Ministry of Public Administration and Jus-tice not only involved the experts of state organs supplying data for the country report, but also provided opportunity to NGO representatives to present their experience to the review group.

Pursuant to the decision of the UN IRG, from 2013 summer the international review mechanism will extend to Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the related review process will be carried out by Portugal and Hungary. The Ministry of Public Administration and Justice as appointed administrator has delegated national experts to the review procedure who will attend a training course at the UN centre in Vienna. The review process will take place partly in a document-based form and partly in the framework of a country visit. The document-based part of the review process will be assisted by two competent units of the Ministry of Public Administration and Justice (Criminal Enforcement and Legal Codification Division; International Criminal Law Division), the Supreme Prosecutor’s Office, the National Judicial Office and the National Police Department.