International Cooperation

Hungary, as a state party to the most important international anti-corruption conventions, endeavours to harmonize its national legal system with the requirements set forth in these legal documents. Fulfilment of these commitments is regularly monitored by international organisations (GRECO, OECD and UNODC).

Regarding the implementation of the Council of Europe Criminal Law Convention and its Additional Protocol, GRECO (Group of States against Corruption) concluded that the Hungarian Criminal Code, which is in force since 2013, meets the requirements of the Convention and its Addition Protocol.

The Fourth Round Evaluation Report on Hungary evaluating corruption prevention in respect of members of parliament, judges and prosecutors was published in July 2015. The report evaluates the effectiveness of the systems in place in Hungary to prevent corruption and makes 18 recommendations regarding – inter alia – the transparency of legislation, the development of a code of ethics for parliamentarians, the evaluation and transfer of judges, the transparency of the disciplinary procedures of public prosecutors and training on ethics and anti-corruption.

The Implementation Review Group (IRG) adopted its review report on the implementation of Chapter III. “Criminalization and law enforcement” and Chapter IV. “International cooperation” of the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) in 2013. Regarding Chapter IV, the review group highlighted as a good practice that the Hungarian legal framework enables broad mutual legal assistance.

In its 2012 evaluation report of the implementation of the OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions, the OECD Working Group on Bribery in International Business Transactions (WGB) commends Hungary for establishing a dedicated Anti-Corruption Department within Central Investigation Office of the Public Prosecution Office, and regarded the efforts made by Hungary in the field of mutual legal assistance and the criminalisation of the failure to report bribery as a step forward.

The Anti-Corruption Report of the European Commission published in 2014 underlines that Hungary applies an integrity and prevention oriented approach within the public administration.

The OECD publication titled “Going for Growth” (2015) established that Hungary implemented a significant reform in the public administration in the past 10 years. At the same time, OECD recommended for future policy makers to enhance the exchange of information between government organisations and the integration of data bases, and further increase the transparency and competition in public procurement.

Hungary joined the International Anti-corruption Academy (IACA) in 2010 which was established by the UN, Interpol, European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) and Austria. This is the first education institution that dedicates itself solely to combatting corruption. IACA trains professionals from all over the world both from the governmental and the non-governmental sector, including the members of private sector, society, judiciary, police, public prosecution.